Gallipoli – Çanakkale War Martyrs’ Commemoration Day

 

The 18th March 2019 is the 104th anniversary of the Çanakkale Victory where Ottoman Turkish troops managed to stave off occupying forces during World War I. A move that delayed the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and contributed to patriotic fervour that sparked the post-WWI fight for independence.

The day is officially known as, March 18 Çanakkale-Gallipoli Victory and Martyrs Day. All fallen soldiers and civilians died in wars are remembered on this day. The remembrance events culminate in a national park where cemeteries for thousands of the fallen are located in Çanakkale-Gallipoli, and traditionally, a military parade is held.

The Turkish nation, commemorates the 104th anniversary of the Çanakkale-Gallipoli Victory with great pride and excitement, and once again remembers every hero with respect and gratitude. First and foremost Gazi Mustafa Kemal; the Republic of Turkey’s founder and first president, was a senior commander during the Çanakkale-Gallipoli campaign and entrusted these lands to us, on the occasion of March 18th Martyrs’ Day.

The events leading up to the momentous battle started in February 1915 when Britain and France decided to launch the Gallipoli Campaign to knock the Ottoman Empire out of the war as quickly as possible by reaching and capturing its capital. They started their attack on March 18th, but the waters were filled with a network of mines laid by Ottoman vessels. On April 25th, allied soldiers landed on the shores of the Gelibolu Peninsula. Part of the troops plan was to open the Çanakkale Strait on Turkey’s Aegean coast to Allied fleets, allowing them to threaten the Ottoman capital. The Allied forces, however, encountered strong and courageous resistance from the Turks, and the campaign turned out to be a costly failure. Tens of thousands of Turkish nationals and soldiers died, along with tens of thousands of Europeans, plus around 7,000-8,000 Australians and nearly 3,000 New Zealanders, referred to collectively as the Anzac troops. Victory against the Allied forces boosted the morale of the Turkish side, which then went on to wage a war of independence between 1919 and 1922. Eventually forming a Republic in 1923 from the ashes of the old empire